Products • Cavitation Cracking

Hydrodynamic Cavitation Cracking

Cavitational treatment of liquid hydrocarbon such as crude oil, fuel oil, bitumen, and various bio-fuels, reduces viscosity and increases both yield and temperature.

Cavitation is a process of bubble formation in liquids subjected to variable pressure. Cavitation occurs when pressure of the liquid falls below its vapor pressure and is characterized by a high temperature (4000K typical, 6000K and higher possible) and high pressure (10-100MPa) occurring within the cavitation induced collapsing bubbles.

As far as the established petrochemical and the emerging biofuel industries are concerned depolymerization and hydrocarbon cracking are the most important effects that follow directly from the process of cavitation.
Naturally occurring crude oil is characterized not only by the composition of the compounding hydrocarbons but also by the van der Waals interaction between the molecules, which gives oil an elastic polymer-like structure that impacts negatively the viscosity.
Thick viscous oil requires more energy for transportation and processing (e.g. in terms of pump station power and  heating necessary to prevent oil from freezing in winter). At the same time heavy polymerized fuels burn less efficiently and produce more pollutants.

Regardless of the type of the processed liquid (or a mixture of liquids) these are the most common effects of cavitation:

  • Break down of solid particles
  • Radicalization of molecules
  • Increased temperature
  • Chemical reaction acceleration
  • Reduction of viscosity




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